Breakbulk cargo refers to goods that need to be loaded individually and cannot be transported in intermodal containers or in bulk. It is mostly shipped in boxes, cartons, bags, drums, etc. Breakbulk cargo refers to goods that need to be loaded individually and cannot be transported in intermodal containers or in bulk. It is mostly shipped in boxes, cartons, bags, drums, etc.
Bulk cargo refers to commodities transported in large quantities. It is usually directly poured or dropped into a bulk carrier ship’s hold/truck’s body/railway wagon. It is classified into dry bulk cargo and liquid bulk cargo. Examples of bulk cargo are crude oil, coal, gravel, etc.
Container cargo refers to those commodities that can be stuffed into shipping containers. These containers have standardised measurements and facilitate loading, unloading and transport of goods over long distances.
Neo bulk cargo implies pre-packaged goods that are counted as they are loaded and unloaded. These commodities are not stored in containers and transferred as units at ports. For eg. heavy machinery, cars, waste paper, bundled steel, scrap iron, etc.
It refers to cargo consisting of large, heavy, high-value pieces of equipment. Project cargo is also known as heavy lift and includes goods that need to be disassembled for shipping and are reassembled after delivery.
Perishable commodities like fruits, vegetables, fish, meat and some other commodities like pharmaceutical products require temperature-controlled transportation. A reefer ship is used to transport these goods, it is a refrigerated cargo ship.
Ro-Ro (roll-on/roll-off) cargo refers to wheeled cargo like cars, trucks, trailers, etc. and is carried in ro-ro ships. Ro-ro cargo is usually driven on and off the ship on their wheels.
Haz or Hazardous cargo, as the name suggests, refers to dangerous goods or substances, materials, and articles that are specifically covered by the IMDG Code because of their flammable, corrosive or poisonous nature.